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Immune Charge+ Throat Spray References

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  2. Prasad AS. Zinc in human health: Effect of zinc on immune cells. Mol Med. 2008; 14(5-6): 353-357.
  3. Dabbagh-Bazarbachi H, et al. Zinc ionophore activity of quercetin and epigallocatechin-gallate: From Hepa 1-6 cells to a liposome model. J Agric Food Chem. 2014; 62(32): 8085-8093.
  4. Hider RC, et al. Metal chelation of polyphenols. Methods Enzymol. 2001; 335: 190-203.
  5. Wu W, et al. Quercetin as an antiviral agent Inhibits Influenza A virus (IAV) entry. Viruses. 2016; 8(1): 6.
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  7. Cleargeaud G, et al. A simple liposome assay for the screening of zinc ionophore activity of polyphenols. Food Chem. 2016; 197 (Part A): 916-923.
  8. Theoharides TC. COVID‐19, pulmonary mast cells, cytokine storms, and beneficial actions of luteolin. Biofactors. 2020. 46(3): 306-308.
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  10. Truong-Tran AQ. New insights into the role of zinc in the respiratory epithelium. Immunol Cell Biol. 2001; 79(2): 170-177.
  11. Miyoshi Y, et al. Cellular zinc is required for intestinal epithelial barrier maintenance via the regulation of claudin-3 and occludin expression. Am J Physiol Gastrointest and Liver Physiol. 2016; 311(1): G105-G116.
  12. Zhu MJ, et al. AMPK in regulation of apical junctions and barrier function of intestinal epithelium. Tissue Barriers. 2018; 6(2): 1-13.
  13. Shinde R and McGaha TL. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor: Connecting immunity to the microenvironment. Trends Immunol. 2018; 39(12): 1005-1020.
  14. Tsay TB, et al. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands enhance lung immunity through intestinal IKKβ pathways. J Transl Med. 2019; 17: 304.
  15. Gutierrez-Vazquez C, et al. Regulation of the immune response by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Immunity. 2018; 48(1): 19-33.
  16. Maywald M, et al. Zinc signals and immunity. Int J Mol Sci. 2017; 18(10): 2222.
  17. Al-Hariri M, et al. Immune’s-boosting agent: Immunomodulation potentials of propolis. J Family Community Med. 2019; 26(1): 57-60.
  18. Przybylek I and Karpinski TM. Antibacterial properties of propolis. Molecules. 2019; 24(11): 2047.
  19. Li YC, et al. Luteolin suppresses inflammatory mediator expression by blocking the Akt/NFκB pathway in acute lung injury induced by Lipopolysaccharide in mice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012; 2012: 383608.
  20. Theoharides TE. COVID‐19, pulmonary mast cells, cytokine storms, and beneficial actions of luteolin. Biofactors. 2020; 10.1002/biof.1633.
  21. Berretta AA, et al. Propolis and its potential against SARS-CoV-2 infection mechanisms and COVID-19 disease. Biomed Pharmacother. 2020; 131: 110622.


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